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English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards

English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards

 

Hello students, in this blog post we are going to learn about English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards in detail. I will discuss this topics in simple English language so that you can understand properly.

 

At the end of this blog post you will have known

(a1.  The meaning of Determiners in English Grammar,

(b2.  Types of Determiners,

(c3. Definition of each topic of Determiners with relative examples.

(  4.  Solutions of Important examples for SEBA, CBSE, HSLC, and others BOARD of India.

So now let’s Start the discussion of the term DETERMINERS.

 

What is a Determiner?

To understand this term properly, let’s taken some example:

(         (a)    This is a horse.

  • (b)    That is an ass.

    (c)     This cow is very useful.

    (d)    This book is mine.

    (e)    That pen is yours.

    (f)      Give me some rice.

    (g)    I taught him many things.

    (h)    Any man can do that.

    (i)      Every man has his duties.

    (j)      Lend me your car.

(

In the examples of above sentences, a, an, the, this, that, some, many, any, every, his, your are the words which are placed before a NOUN and are qualifying them. These words are called as DETERMINERS.


It is important here to note that determiners aren’t called ‘Adjective’ because some of them are adjective, some of them are pronoun and some of them are both adjective and pronoun. It will be better if I give hare some example:

(a       (a)    You have no sense (Adjective).

(b   (b)   This horse is better than that horse (Adjective).    

(a   (c) This is better than that.

What are the types of Determiners?

Determiners are of many, but some of them are very frequently used. These determiners are a, an, the, this, that, these, those, every, very, another, one, two (three…..etc.), much, many, more, little, a little, the little, few, a few, the few, such, several, some, any, no, all, my, our, his, her, their, its etc. This post about English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards is also very important for other class of students.

English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards


We can grouped the determiners on the following six categories:


1.      1.         Article( a, an, the)
2.       Article like Determiner( this, these, that, those)
3.       Quantitative (few, little, much, many, some, several, no, any, half, enough, etc.)
4.       Cardinals (one, two, three, etc.)
5.       Ordinals (first, second, third etc.)
6.       Possessive (my, our, your, his, her, their, Tom’s etc.)

Now let’s understand each of the types of determiners very clearly.

Article

A, an and the – these three words are called as article. A and an are known as Indefinite Article because they do not refer any particular person or object. For example if I say a cat or an orange, it  means any cat or any orange.


The’ is called the Definite Article because it refers to a specific object by placing before a noun. For example:


(a       I know the man who came yesterday.

(b    This is the book you gave me.

Here, the man refers to a particular person and the book refers to a specific book.

 

Uses of a and an:

The uses of A and An are many. In different words, they are used differently and in different sentences, they are used differently. Here we will discuss the uses of both a and an which are common mistakes.


Use of A

(a                     If the first letter of the word is consonant then we will use a mango, a rat, a tiger, a beautiful house, a good book etc.

(b                   If the pronunciation of Vowel is ‘YU’ then there will be a European, a University, a unit, a useful, a union etc.

(c                  If the pronunciation of  ‘O’ is wa, then there will be a one rupee note, a one eyed man etc.



Use of An

(a                         If the first letter of the word be Vowel( a, e, i, o, u) then there will be an ass, an elephant, an ink-pot, an ox, an umbrella etc.


(b                        If there is a consonant with vowel sound first then we will write as an F.R.C.S., an M. A., an M.L.A. etc. 


(c                     If there is a silent ‘h’( unspoken)  at the beginning of a word then we will write an heir, an hour, an honest man etc.


The Different Uses of A and An


(a                               In the sense of single thing or person, for example: A boy helped me. He reads a book. This is an eagle.

                              In the means of ‘any’A boy should obey his parents.

(c                          Use to understand the same meaning for example: Birds of a same feather flock together. They are much of a size.

(d    Distributive use: He comes here twice a week. Rice sells four rupees a kilogram.


Important point:

(a                           Article is not used before ‘Fun’ and ‘Turn’, For Example: I did it for (X) fun. ( I did it for a joke). He turns (X) traitor.( He is a traitor).


(b                           Article is not used before the words my, our, father, mother, aunt, nurse, cook. For example: Father gives me this pen. Nurse is a good lady.


The Uses of The

·                               To understand the specific things or person, the is used for example: He liked the man. You may read the book. Let us go to the fair.


·                                If there is a singular number before the common noun in all races, then the is used. For example: The dog is a faithful animal. The cat loves comfort.


               Now lets have a look on the relative sentences. The dog is a faithful animal. Dogs are faithful animal. A dog is a faithful animal. It is Important here to note that both Definite and Indefinite article is used to understand all races( In countable Noun in singular number)


·                                Article is not used before man and woman if the two term signify the human race and woman race respectively. For example; Man is mortal. Woman is man’s mate.

·                              ‘The’ is used before the words – river, ocean, groups of island, mountain ranges, ship, newspaper etc. for example:

(a)    Before the name of RiverThe Ganga, The Brahmaputra, The Indus etc.

(b)    Before the name of sea – The Red Sea, The Arabian Sea Etc.

(c)     Before the name of Ocean – The Indian Ocean, The Pacific Ocean etc.

(d)    Before the name of groups of Island – The Andamans etc.

(e)    Before the name of mountain – The Himalayas, The Alps etc.

(f)      Before the name of ship – The Queen Elizabeth, The Titanic.

(g)    Before the name of newspaper – The Assam Tribune, The Hindu, The Telegraph etc.


·                              ‘The’ is used before the name of religious books. For Example: The Vedas, The Purans, The Bible, The Koran, The Ramayana etc.


                 But if there mention the author’s name before the book’s name then the is not used. For example: valmiki’s Ramayana. Homer’s Iliad.


·                                   The is used before the name of famous country, organization or union. For example: The U.S.A., The U.K., The Deccan, The Punjab, The U.N.O. etc.


·                               The is used before the name of famous buildings or places. For example: The Tajmahal, The British Museum, The parliament House etc.


·                              Before the famous historical incident, the is used. For example: The French Revolution, The 2nd World War, The Cold War etc.


·                                 Before the name of Political Party, community, the is used. For example: The Janata Party, The Saktas etc.


·                              Before the name of Race, the is used for example: The English, The French, The Japanese etc. 

It is important to note that before the name of a language, the is not used. For example; English is spoken all over the world.


·                                  The is used before the Adjective of superlative degree. For Example: He is the best in the class.

·                                 The is used before the Proper Noun, which is used as the Common Noun. For example: Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India.

·                               Before the  date, the is used. For example: The 15th August, 26th January etc.

·                                  Before the comparative degree, the is used. For example: The more, the merrier, the sooner, the better.


Now let’s taken some of the important examples of Article:

           1)    Samudra Gupta was one of the greatest kings of India.

  1. 2)      An aeroplane flies faster than the birds.

    3)      English is the language if the people of England.

    4)      Which is the longest river in India?

    5)      He sat for a while on the bank of a river.

    6)      Gold is the valuable metal.

    7)      Rose is the sweetest of all the flowers.

    8)      An ant lives in swarms.

    9)      The Andamans are to the south of Bengal.

    10)   Do not look down upon the poor.

    11)   I have not seen him since he was a child.

    12)   He struck  me on the head.

    13)   The Lion is the king of beasts.

    14)   She is an untidy girl.

    15)   Draw a map of Assam.

    16)   A woman is the man’s companion.

    17)   An iron is the most useful of all the metals.

    18)   Switzerland is a European country.

    19)   Ram is a boy in our class, he is the best boy in the class.

    20)   I need an Umbrella.

    21)   Sita is a university student.

    22)   The Cows give us milk.

    23)   Narmada is a river in the Deccan.

    24)   All man drink the water.

    25)   He begged for a mercy.

    26)   He told me to do the sums.

    27)   The man sold me an apple.

    28)   The tiger is a ferocious animal.

    29)   There is an agricultural university at Jorhat.

    30)   Please give me a one rupee note.

    31)   Alexander was a king of Macedon.

    32)   An obedient son gives pleasure to his parents.

    33)   The future is not known to us.

    34)   Rajani Kanta Bardaloi is called the scot of Assam.

    35)   The rich should feel for the poor.

    36)   The rich of Assam is very good.

    37)   The coal of Ranigunj is famous.

Article Like Determiners – Demonstrative Adjectives such as this, that, these, those etc. used before nouns act as determiners. For example:

(a                 (a)    I want this book

(b)    He wants to meet that gentleman.

(c)     She needs that  book.

(d)    They bought that box.

(e)    They live in these huts.

(f)      We shall visit those houses.

Possessive Determiners – There are some possessive adjectives such as my, he, his, our, her, their, our, your etc. which when placed before nouns, act as determiners. For Example:

(a                             (a)    This is my house.

(b)    That is her book.

(c)     These are their bottles.

(d)    Those are his goats.

(e)    This is our garden. 

Interrogative Words – There are some interrogative words which if placed before nouns, act as determiners. For example:

1.                                1.          Which book do you want?

2.       What man is that ?

3.       Whose house have you purchased?

Now let’s know about some other important determiners:


Few and Little:

              Few refers to number whereas little refers to quantity.  Before countable noun, few is used and before uncountable noun little is used. For example:

1.       He has few friends here.

2.       The old man has little strength.

            In the first example, friends is a countable noun and that’s why the term ‘few’ is used here and in the second sentence strength is an uncountable noun because of which ‘little’ is used before strength.

Few, A few and The Few: 

            Now let’s understand these three term in detail. To understand these three terms properly, let’s take some example here-

1.      1.           I have few pens.
2.       Ravi Has a few books.
3.       The few friends he has are all very poor.
4.       Only a few pilgrims arrived on time.
5.       The few members who attended the meeting were serious.
6.       I need few books I have.
7.       I want a little help.
8.       The little milk in the post is not good.
9.       Can you lend me a few books?
10.   Only a few students attended the class.
11.   I have little money with me ( Means practically no money with me)

              Few refers to almost none, a few refers to something and the few refers all( though not many). These three terms are used before plural countable noun.

              To know these three terms very clearly let’s give you a better example. Suppose I have one thousand pencils, and I have given only one to my friend then in this context, I will say I have given few pencils to my friend. But If give him 400 hundred pencils out of 1000 pencils then I have to say, I have given a few pencils to my friend, and suppose if I give him all the pencils then I will say, all the pencils I have are given to my friend.

Little, A little and The Little:

              These three terms refers to quantity and are used before an uncountable noun. The differences amongst these three terms are as same as the differences of few, a few and the few which have explained in the above.

             To know further, let’s take an example. Suppose I have a glass of milk and I have given a drop( which will be used in negative sense) of milk to the cat then I will say, I have given little milk to the cat. And if give half glass of milk, then I have to say, I have given a little milk to the cat. And suppose if I give whole glass of milk to the cat then I will say, the cat drank the little milk I had in the glass. Let’s take some example in below:

1.       There is a little milk in the glass.
2.       Give me a little milk.
3.       He drank the little water he had

.
Much and Many:

F     Firstly, let's taken some example:

H   1. He wanted much money.
2.       There is much milk in the jar.
3.       Many men died of cholera.
4.       Many flowers bloom to bush unseen.

               From the above examples we can clearly understand that many refers to number and is used before a countable noun whereas much refers to quantity and is used before an uncountable noun. The noun used after many is always in the floral form. Important:English Grammar Determiners Class 10 for CBSE, SEBA and Other Boards

               To express meaning of ‘many’, we can use alternatives phrases such as  a large number of, a great number of, a huge number of, a lot of, lots of, heaps of etc. and to express  meaning of ‘much’ we can use alternatives phrases such as a good deal of, a large quantity of, a lot of, a lots of, plenty of etc. for example:

1.      1.        There was a large number of students at the meeting.
2.       He died a great deal of work.
3.       There are a large number of workers in the factuary.

Some and Any:

Some and any is used before countable and uncountable noun when it refers to indefinite number and quantity. For example:

1.       1.       He gave me some book.
2.       I do not want any book.
3.        She has some money.
4.        He has not any money.

Generally, In Affirmative sentence some is used and in Negative and Interrogative sentence any is used. For example:

1.       Some men are happy. (Affirmative)

2.       Is there any milk in the Jar? ( Interrogative)

3.       Ramesh did not see any book there. ( Negative)

The term ‘No’ Is not used before ‘any’ in negative sentence but not and n’t  are used. For example:

There is not any water in the pot. ( we Can’t write no any here)

Each and Every:

Each refers one between two or more than two and it is used as both Pronoun and Adjective. For Example:

1.      1.           Each of the two boys had got a prize. ( Pronoun)
2.       Each boy will get a prize. ( Adjective)
3.       Each of them will have his turn. ( Pronoun)

It is important to note that the pronoun of each can never be in plural number. It will be wrong to write –

(a       Each of them will have their turn.

(b       Each boy will get their share.

Correct use:

(a)    Each of them will have his turn.

(b)    Each boy will get his share.

 

Every is used as an Adjective and refers to one among more than two. For example:

1.       Every boy out of the four will get a prize.

2.       Every boy can come here.

3.       Every house will be supplied with electric current.

Both Each and Every do not qualify a plural noun. Both are used before singular countable noun.

Either and Neither: we use Either in positive sense and neither in negative sense. Either means one between two or two out of two and neither means none between two. For example:

1.     1.         You may join either party.
2.       There are houses on either side of the road.
3.       I should join neither party.
4.       Neither boy is honest.
5.       Either of them will attend in the meeting.
6.       Neither of them is good.
7.       Either he or his father will come here.
8.       Neither he nor his brother will come.

Both:

Both is always used in positive sense. It means both the two things or two persons. For example:

1.       Both drinking and smoking are injurious to health.

2.       Both Rajesh and Raju are good players.

 

 

 

 

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